Three Types of Diabetes – Yes, Three!

Although diabetes touches millions of people in the United States and around the world, many people may not realize is that there are different types of diabetes.

How many types of diabetes are there? The answer is that there are three main types of diabetes mellitus.

Type 1 Diabetes

Diabetes mellitus type 1 is classified as a disease that involves the autoimmune system. In autoimmune problems the body begins to attack itself, instead of targeting the infection. In type I diabetes, your immune system begins to attack and destroy the beta cells in the pancreas, which produce insulin. Because of this attack the pancreas has little to no insulin production. Insulin must be taken on a daily basis in order for the diabetic to live.

Very little is understood on what causes the attack on the beta cells. Some ideas are the genetic and environmental factors may cause the problem.

Type II Diabetes

Among the other types of diabetes, diabetes type II is the most prevalent type of diabetes. Type II diabetes affects over 90% of those diagnosed with diabetes. Generally this type of diabetes associated with those that are overweight, sedentary, older age, and with certain types of ethnicities.

Unfortunately, the types of diabetes that are being found in children and adolescents is type II diabetes. This may be related again to decreased activity levels and an increase in weight, as a result.

In the case of type II diabetes, the pancreas is able to produce insulin. The problem is a condition known as insulin resistance. This means that the cells are not able to make use of the available insulin.

Gestational Diabetes

Among all the types of diabetes, there is but one type of diabetes that affects only women. This type of diabetes mellitus, germane only to women, is called gestational diabetes. This type of diabetes develops late in pregnancy. For many women. The hormones of pregnancy, causes the formation of gestational diabetes. Many women may not even exhibits any symptoms whatsoever.

If you suspect that you have diabetes, a visit with your doctor is the only way to know which of the types of diabetes that you may suffer from. This will require not only a physical exam, but bloodwork as well. In the end, the more quickly you are diagnosed with the appropriate type of diabetes, the faster the appropriate treatment can begin and lessen the overall effects of diabetes.



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