Obsessive Compulsive Disorder: The Symptoms and Treatment of OCD

OCD (Obsessive compulsive disorder) can interrupt daily activities with family, friends, and work if not properly treated. It is a long lasting or chronic condition. The OCD symptoms usually return in episodes and can be very severe, but treatment can reduce the effects of the symptoms. Some symptoms can still exist after you are treated, but they should not affect you to where it can interrupt activities with your friends, work, and time with your family.

OCD has many symptoms, but the most renowned is anxiety. Anxiety can cause you to worry about something horrible happening. In order to insure that nothing will happen, you will perform a certain ritual, like pulling on the door many times to check it is locked correctly. When you do not complete a ritual, anxiety can set on. You may also have a feeling of incompleteness.

Symptoms of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

OCD’s symptoms may differ from person to person. The following includes symptoms of OCD:

Obsessive symptoms:

  • Constant worry of dirt and bacteria.
  • Extremely concerned with the way you smell.
  • Extreme concerned whether your body is functioning properly.
  • Constant need to be orderly, neat, and exact.
  • Fear of public embarrassment or bad thoughts.
  • Excessive thoughts of particular sound, numbers, words.
  • Constantly preoccupied with counting.
  • Excessive need to be approved.
  • Excessively apologizing.
  • Fears of harming others or fear of a horrible event.

Compulsive symptoms:

  • Putting objects in order, cleaning, straightening up constantly.
  • Constantly checking appliances, doors, and lights to make certain that they are closed or off.
  • Keeping mass amounts of something, like newspapers.
  • Repeating the same thing again and again.
  • Avoiding places that you might be publicly humiliated.
  • Taking extreme measures in order to make sure do not harm yourself or others.
  • Repeating physical actions like getting up and sitting in a chair.

OCD symptoms can be quite debilitating. Left untreated, many with severe OCD symptoms can not function properly, either at work, at home or in social settings. Therefore your OCD symptoms should not be ignored. Psychiatric treatment is crucial, if you are to live a full and productive life.

OCD medications

When diagnosed with OCD (obsessive compulsive disorder), your doctor usually will prescribe an OCD medication such as an antidepressant. Antidepressants are used to decrease obsessive thinking and compulsive behavior for people with OCD. This is done by elevating serotonin levels in the brain which aid in regulating communication between the parts of the brain.

Most of the time, dosages are adjusted or medication is changed. This is because everyone has a different bio-chemistry, and requires different medications and doses. SSRIs usually start to take effect over the period of one to three weeks. However, some cases may take up to three months to show any effect.

If you feel no effect from the medication after a period of three weeks, or have any questions about your medications, contact your doctor. Medication dosage may be increased, your OCD medication (SSRI) may be altered to a different SSRI, or your doctor will prescribe another medicine called clomipramine.

Your doctor might prescribe other medications for any conditions alongside OCD.

SSRI antidepressants prescribed for OCD medications:

  • fluoxetine or Prozac
  • sertraline aka Zoloft
  • fluvoxamine aka Luvox

Trycyclic antidepressants prescribed for OCD:

  • clomipramine also called Anafranil

Antipsychotics may also be prescribed to lessen symptoms of OCD.

Remember that people with OCD might have secondary anxiety disorders that require other medications than OCD medications, to treat their symptoms. It is vital that you are evaluated by competent medical professional who is familiar with the proper psychiatric applications of OCD medications.



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